Sunday, October 4, 2015
Thursday, October 1, 2015
The Sierra Club Michigan Chapter submitted the following testimony to the Senate Energy and Technology Committee in response to Senate Bill 437 on Wednesday, September 30.
Comments on SB 437
September 30, 2015
To: Chairman Nofs and members of the Senate Energy and Technology Committee
RE: Senate Bill 437
On behalf of our 60,000 members and supporters in Michigan, the Sierra Club expresses our opposition to SB 437 (Nofs) and urges substantial amendments to the bill language to address its significant flaws. SB 437 would establish a revised integrated resource planning (IRP) process as a substitute for Michigan’s current renewable energy and efficiency standards. The IRP process created by SB 437 is intended to fill in the gaps in its companion bill, SB 438, which would eliminate Michigan’s renewable energy portfolio requirement and sunset its energy optimization program. IRP processes, and in particular the utility-driven approach contemplated by SB 437, are not effective replacements for clean energy standards. Instead, to achieve clean energy goals, integrated resource planning needs to be conducted in conjunction with clear standards and incentives.
In Michigan, residents have realized many benefits of mandated clean energy standards since the passage of Public Act 295 in 2008. Those enforceable standards created jobs, saved ratepayers money, and enhanced economic development, while simultaneously protecting the health of Michigan’s citizens by reducing the use of dirty and costly fossil fuels in our energy sector. Now is the time to increase Michigan’s clean energy standards, not to gut them. Our own state agencies, as well as nationally acclaimed energy experts, have demonstrated that our state can dramatically increase its renewable energy and efficiency capacity while boosting our economy and protecting our environment.
Even if Michigan’s current standards remained intact, or were improved as recommended in Sierra Club’s August 15th letter to this Committee regarding SB 438, the IRP process in SB 437 suffers from several flaws. To more fully maximize the benefits of integrated resource planning, and to ensure a clean energy future, the IRP process must, at a minimum: engage stakeholders early and in meaningful ways; provide for the fullest possible consideration of clean energy and energy efficiency technologies; require utilities to engage in robust modeling; and assess compliance costs with all reasonably expected future regulations, in addition to applicable laws. In SB 437, the process falls short on many of these issues. Michigan legislators should amend or reject SB 437 because it would undermine Michigan’s progress to date and put our future at risk.
An IRP process alone will not drive energy efficiency
An IRP process can be a strong complement to a robust energy efficiency program, but it is not an effective replacement for one. In December 2014, the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) reported a striking difference in efficiency spending and savings between states with standards and those without, regardless of whether the state had an IRP requirement in place. The researchers found no statistically significant difference between efficiency spending or savings between IRP and non-IRP states without standards, while states with efficiency standards had three times the amount of spending and savings as those without. This analysis has been borne out in Michigan, where the MSPC estimates that customers save close to $4 for each $1 invested by the utilities. Moreover, Michigan’s energy efficiency industry employs more than 46,000 Michiganders, and contributes 2.3 billion to our economy, all while reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Sun-setting our successful energy optimization standard puts these savings and this economic sector at risk. At present, utilities have a strong disincentive to engage in customer energy efficiency programs, as higher sales of energy lead to higher utiltity revenues. While SB 437 provides for decoupling of utility profits from sales, which can neutralize the disincentive for efficiency, decoupling does not create a financial incentive to save energy that is comparable to the incentives that exist for investment in new capital assets like powerplants. Neither will the IRP process create such an incentive.
As written, SB 437 requires that utilities only show that their submitted IRPs are “least-cost,” without regard to the benefits offered by new clean energy or energy-efficient technologies. Moreover, under SB 437, the Michigan Public Service Commission (PSC) would only be tasked with evaluating energy savings that are “technologically” and “economically” feasible at a fixed moment in time. It does not appear to be required to model higher levels of efficiency investment, nor, with the elimination of the EO program, would it consider any minimum level of energy efficiency. This contravenes several best practices that have been identified for the integration and encouragment of cost-effective energy efficiency measures. With essential improvements, and the preservation of our energy optimization program, an IRP process could be step in the right direction. In its current form, however, SB 437 and its companion legislation will negatively impact a cost-effective measure that has decreased customer rates and reduced energy waste.
Creating “flexibility” does not require the repeal of renewable energy standard
Some supporters of SB 437 and SB 438 justify their proposal with an ideological opposition to mandates, and view this legislative package as restorative of market forces. These bills place Michigan’s energy future solely in the hands of the IRP process by invoking a need for flexibility. It is worth noting that utilities are not players in a free market; they are government-granted monopolies that enjoy guaranteed profits. It is not unreasonable to require them to reduce waste and invest in clean power.
The current renewable energy standard – which requires utilities to generate at least 10 percent of their electricity from renewable sources – can hardly be said to limit flexibility. Moreover, it has been a boon for our economy and residents. Since it was enacted in 2008, it has driven down the cost of generating power and delivered $2.9 billion in new investments in Michigan. It’s also been a big job creator; our state added 3,600 clean-energy jobs in 2014 alone.
The fossil fuel industry, on the other hand, received $502 billion in overall subsidies from U.S. taxpayers in 2012, according to a report from the International Monetary Fund. In comparison, the renewable energy industry (excluding biomass) received $24 billion in federal support in 2012, less than five percent the subsidization of fossil fuels. In addition, the International Monetary Fund recently reported that fossil fuel pollution costs the world $5 trillion annually in public health and environmental problems. Pollution costs are externalized from the market and are another form of fossil fuel subsidization, balanced out by costs to people’s health and degradation to our natural resources. For example, right here in Michigan a 2011 report from Environmental Health and Engineering, Inc. showed that particulate matter pollution (PM2.5) from Michigan’s nine oldest coal plants are costing $5.4 billion a year in public health costs.
Under SB 437 and SB 438, the renewable portfolio standard (RPS) would be replaced with an IRP which does nothing to correct the over-subsidization of fossil fuels or to internalize pollution and public health costs into electric generation costs. The IRP should be complemented by an RPS, especially since renewables are cheaper than new conventional power generation. An IRP alone will not result in substantial progress toward renewable energy development.
SB 437 and SB 438 fail to appreciate the dangers of climate change
Combined, SB 437 and SB 438 make for a dangerous proposal that takes Michigan in the wrong direction when it comes to protecting our state from climate disaster. Climate disruption caused by greenhouse gases from human sources is an urgent threat to our everyday lives and our future, and its impact is already being felt in Michigan. Climate disruption is about more than warmer temperatures – it’s about disrupting the basic weather patterns that affect almost everything in our lives - our water supplies, how we grow our food, the kinds of diseases we deal with, and the ability to keep our families safe.
We can already see the effects of climate disruption all across America: unprecedented droughts and wildfires in Western states, record-breaking heat in the Southwest and Midwest, Hurricane Katrina and Superstorm Sandy, extreme winter weather in traditionally warm states, and melting glaciers in Alaska and Montana. Extreme weather events are becoming more frequent, harming people, their economic well-being, their health, their homes, and their futures. Right here in Michigan, we’ve seen cherry and apple crops completely devastated due to abnormal and extreme weather patterns exacerbated by climate disruption. The time to fight climate disruption is now, but enacting SB 437 and SB 438 would contribute to more climate disasters.
Sierra Club members call on our elected leaders to combat climate disruption by moving Michigan beyond fossil fuels and towards true clean energy sources like wind, solar, and energy efficiency. According to a Yale study from last year, 61% of Michiganders believe climate change is happening, 76% believe we should regulate carbon pollution, and 60% support increasing our state’s renewable energy standard. The message is clear: Michiganders oppose the legislative package of SB 437 and SB 438 and want clear metrics for renewable energy and efficiency instead.
Sierra Club’s Policy Recommendations
The IRP process established by SB 437 cannot, on its own, provide for a clean energy future in Michigan. It is not a sufficient substitute for Michigan’s current renewable energy standards or energy optimization program. We reiterate our recommendations for those mandates from our August 15th letter regarding SB 438 here because they relate to SB 437 as well:
· Increase Michigan's renewable energy standard to 30% by 2030, as the Public Service Commission and Energy Office have reported is readily achievable.
· Increase Michigan's energy optimization standard from 1% to 2% annually.
· Remove the existing spending cap on Michigan's energy efficiency program.
· Ensure that "clean" or "renewable" energy is not redefined to include anything that emits greenhouse gasses or creates radioactive waste such as fossil fuels, nuclear energy, or energy from incinerating wastes.
· Ensure that electric ratepayers are able to produce their own energy, either to use for themselves or sell back to a utility company at full retail price, not a wholesale or lowered price.
· Remove the existing cap on net metering and all other regulatory barriers to distributed generation.
In addition, we offer the following specific recommendations on SB 437:
· The Public Service Commission should evaluate IRPs based on the reasonableness of costs and rate impacts in consideration of the benefits offered by new clean energy and energy-efficient technologies and give its fullest consideration to those technologies, rather than evaluating utility IRPs simply on the basis of “least-cost.”
· The Public Service Commission and utilities should consider environmental compliance costs with all reasonably expected future regulations, not only those formally proposed or published in the Michigan Register or Federal Register.
· The IRP process should provide for early and meaningful stakeholder engagement, both in the Public Service Commission’s development of statewide parameters for IRPs and the utilities’ planning process, rather than providing only for responsive comments and contested case hearings (respectively).
· Require use of levelized cost-curves for demand-side resources, including energy efficiency, that are comparable to the levelized cost curves for supply side resources.
· Utilize credible load forecasts by requiring load modeling to address a range of possible load forecasts, not just the most likely forecast (e.g. a high-growth and low-growth forecast as alternatives to the reference case).
· The IRP should be constructed in a way that internalizes environmental pollution and public health costs. These costs are currently externalized from the energy market and get passed onto individuals, health institutions, and others impacted by environmental pollution.
· Require utilities to use and document simulation models that evaluate the cost and risk of multiple possible resource portfolios under numerous future scenarios before arriving at a plan.
For these reasons, we urge you to vote NO on SB 437, or if it goes forward, to amend the bill to strengthen the IRP process in the ways enumerated in this letter. Votes pertaining to this bill will be included in the Sierra Club’s legislative scorecard.
Legislative and Political Director
Sierra Club Michigan Chapter
 Michigan Public Service Commission, 2014 Report on the Implementation of P.A. 295 Utility Energy Optimization Programs, November 2014.
 Michigan Energy Innovation Business Council and 2013 Michigan Workforce Agency Energy Cluster Analysis
 SB 437, page 26, ll. 23-25.
 State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network, Using Integrated Resource Planning to Encourage Investment in Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures, September 2011.
 See SB 437, p. 28, ll. 11-13.
 Id. at 26-27, ll. 26-27, 1-5.
Tuesday, September 29, 2015
Friday, September 25, 2015
Thursday, September 24, 2015
Transcript of Pope Francis' Speech to Congress
Sept 24, 2015
I am most grateful for your invitation to address this Joint Session of Congress in “the land of the free and the home of the brave”. I would like to think that the reason for this is that I too am a son of this great continent, from which we have all received so much and toward which we share a common responsibility.
Each son or daughter of a given country has a mission, a personal and social responsibility. Your own responsibility as members of Congress is to enable this country, by your legislative activity, to grow as a nation. You are the face of its people, their representatives. You are called to defend and preserve the dignity of your fellow citizens in the tireless and demanding pursuit of the common good, for this is the chief aim of all politics. A political society endures when it seeks, as a vocation, to satisfy common needs by stimulating the growth of all its members, especially those in situations of greater vulnerability or risk. Legislative activity is always based on care for the people. To this you have been invited, called and convened by those who elected you.
Yours is a work which makes me reflect in two ways on the figure of Moses. On the one hand, the patriarch and lawgiver of the people of Israel symbolizes the need of peoples to keep alive their sense of unity by means of just legislation. On the other, the figure of Moses leads us directly to God and thus to the transcendent dignity of the human being. Moses provides us with a good synthesis of your work: you are asked to protect, by means of the law, the image and likeness fashioned by God on every human face.
Today I would like not only to address you, but through you the entire people of the United States. Here, together with their representatives, I would like to take this opportunity to dialogue with the many thousands of men and women who strive each day to do an honest day’s work, to bring home their daily bread, to save money and – one step at a time – to build a better life for their families. These are men and women who are not concerned simply with paying their taxes, but in their own quiet way sustain the life of society. They generate solidarity by their actions, and they create organizations which offer a helping hand to those most in need.
I would also like to enter into dialogue with the many elderly persons who are a storehouse of wisdom forged by experience, and who seek in many ways, especially through volunteer work, to share their stories and their insights. I know that many of them are retired, but still active; they keep working to build up this land. I also want to dialogue with all those young people who are working to realize their great and noble aspirations, who are not led astray by facile proposals, and who face difficult situations, often as a result of immaturity on the part of many adults. I wish to dialogue with all of you, and I would like to do so through the historical memory of your people.
My visit takes place at a time when men and women of good will are marking the anniversaries of several great Americans. The complexities of history and the reality of human weakness notwithstanding, these men and women, for all their many differences and limitations, were able by hard work and self- sacrifice – some at the cost of their lives – to build a better future. They shaped fundamental values which will endure forever in the spirit of the American people. A people with this spirit can live through many crises, tensions and conflicts, while always finding the resources to move forward, and to do so with dignity. These men and women offer us a way of seeing and interpreting reality. In honoring their memory, we are inspired, even amid conflicts, and in the here and now of each day, to draw upon our deepest cultural reserves.
I would like to mention four of these Americans: Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King, Dorothy Day and Thomas Merton.
This year marks the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, the guardian of liberty, who labored tirelessly that “this nation, under God, [might] have a new birth of freedom”. Building a future of freedom requires love of the common good and cooperation in a spirit of subsidiarity and solidarity.
All of us are quite aware of, and deeply worried by, the disturbing social and political situation of the world today. Our world is increasingly a place of violent conflict, hatred and brutal atrocities, committed even in the name of God and of religion. We know that no religion is immune from forms of individual delusion or ideological extremism. This means that we must be especially attentive to every type of fundamentalism, whether religious or of any other kind. A delicate balance is required to combat violence perpetrated in the name of a religion, an ideology or an economic system, while also safeguarding religious freedom, intellectual freedom and individual freedoms. But there is another temptation which we must especially guard against: the simplistic reductionism which sees only good or evil; or, if you will, the righteous and sinners. The contemporary world, with its open wounds which affect so many of our brothers and sisters, demands that we confront every form of polarization which would divide it into these two camps. We know that in the attempt to be freed of the enemy without, we can be tempted to feed the enemy within. To imitate the hatred and violence of tyrants and murderers is the best way to take their place. That is something which you, as a people, reject.
Our response must instead be one of hope and healing, of peace and justice. We are asked to summon the courage and the intelligence to resolve today’s many geopolitical and economic crises. Even in the developed world, the effects of unjust structures and actions are all too apparent. Our efforts must aim at restoring hope, righting wrongs, maintaining commitments, and thus promoting the well-being of individuals and of peoples. We must move forward together, as one, in a renewed spirit of fraternity and solidarity, cooperating generously for the common good.
The challenges facing us today call for a renewal of that spirit of cooperation, which has accomplished so much good throughout the history of the United States. The complexity, the gravity and the urgency of these challenges demand that we pool our resources and talents, and resolve to support one another, with respect for our differences and our convictions of conscience.
In this land, the various religious denominations have greatly contributed to building and strengthening society. It is important that today, as in the past, the voice of faith continue to be heard, for it is a voice of fraternity and love, which tries to bring out the best in each person and in each society. Such cooperation is a powerful resource in the battle to eliminate new global forms of slavery, born of grave injustices which can be overcome only through new policies and new forms of social consensus.
[The following section, which was in the prepared remarks, was not included in the speech.] Here I think of the political history of the United States, where democracy is deeply rooted in the mind of the American people. All political activity must serve and promote the good of the human person and be based on respect for his or her dignity. “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness” (Declaration of Independence, 4 July 1776). If politics must truly be at the service of the human person, it follows that it cannot be a slave to the economy and finance.
Politics is, instead, an expression of our compelling need to live as one, in order to build as one the greatest common good: that of a community which sacrifices particular interests in order to share, in justice and peace, its goods, its interests, its social life. I do not underestimate the difficulty that this involves, but I encourage you in this effort.Here too I think of the march which Martin Luther King led from Selma to Montgomery fifty years ago as part of the campaign to fulfill his “dream” of full civil and political rights for African Americans. That dream continues to inspire us all. I am happy that America continues to be, for many, a land of “dreams”. Dreams which lead to action, to participation, to commitment. Dreams which awaken what is deepest and truest in the life of a people.
In recent centuries, millions of people came to this land to pursue their dream of building a future in freedom. We, the people of this continent, are not fearful of foreigners, because most of us were once foreigners. I say this to you as the son of immigrants, knowing that so many of you are also descended from immigrants. Tragically, the rights of those who were here long before us were not always respected. For those peoples and their nations, from the heart of American democracy, I wish to reaffirm my highest esteem and appreciation. Those first contacts were often turbulent and violent, but it is difficult to judge the past by the criteria of the present. Nonetheless, when the stranger in our midst appeals to us, we must not repeat the sins and the errors of the past. We must resolve now to live as nobly and as justly as possible, as we educate new generations not to turn their back on our “neighbors” and everything around us. Building a nation calls us to recognize that we must constantly relate to others, rejecting a mindset of hostility in order to adopt one of reciprocal subsidiarity, in a constant effort to do our best. I am confident that we can do this.
Our world is facing a refugee crisis of a magnitude not seen since the Second World War. This presents us with great challenges and many hard decisions. On this continent, too, thousands of persons are led to travel north in search of a better life for themselves and for their loved ones, in search of greater opportunities. Is this not what we want for our own children? We must not be taken aback by their numbers, but rather view them as persons, seeing their faces and listening to their stories, trying to respond as best we can to their situation. To respond in a way which is always humane, just and fraternal. We need to avoid a common temptation nowadays: to discard whatever proves troublesome. Let us remember the Golden Rule: “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you” (Mt 7:12).
This Rule points us in a clear direction. Let us treat others with the same passion and compassion with which we want to be treated. Let us seek for others the same possibilities which we seek for ourselves. Let us help others to grow, as we would like to be helped ourselves. In a word, if we want security, let us give security; if we want life, let us give life; if we want opportunities, let us provide opportunities. The yardstick we use for others will be the yardstick which time will use for us. The Golden Rule also reminds us of our responsibility to protect and defend human life at every stage of its development.
This conviction has led me, from the beginning of my ministry, to advocate at different levels for the global abolition of the death penalty. I am convinced that this way is the best, since every life is sacred, every human person is endowed with an inalienable dignity, and society can only benefit from the rehabilitation of those convicted of crimes. Recently my brother bishops here in the United States renewed their call for the abolition of the death penalty. Not only do I support them, but I also offer encouragement to all those who are convinced that a just and necessary punishment must never exclude the dimension of hope and the goal of rehabilitation.
In these times when social concerns are so important, I cannot fail to mention the Servant of God Dorothy Day, who founded the Catholic Worker Movement. Her social activism, her passion for justice and for the cause of the oppressed, were inspired by the Gospel, her faith, and the example of the saints.
How much progress has been made in this area in so many parts of the world! How much has been done in these first years of the third millennium to raise people out of extreme poverty! I know that you share my conviction that much more still needs to be done, and that in times of crisis and economic hardship a spirit of global solidarity must not be lost. At the same time I would encourage you to keep in mind all those people around us who are trapped in a cycle of poverty. They too need to be given hope. The fight against poverty and hunger must be fought constantly and on many fronts, especially in its causes. I know that many Americans today, as in the past, are working to deal with this problem.
It goes without saying that part of this great effort is the creation and distribution of wealth. The right use of natural resources, the proper application of technology and the harnessing of the spirit of enterprise are essential elements of an economy which seeks to be modern, inclusive and sustainable. “Business is a noble vocation, directed to producing wealth and improving the world. It can be a fruitful source of prosperity for the area in which it operates, especially if it sees the creation of jobs as an essential part of its service to the common good” (Laudato Si’, 129). This common good also includes the earth, a central theme of the encyclical which I recently wrote in order to “enter into dialogue with all people about our common home” (ibid., 3). “We need a conversation which includes everyone, since the environmental challenge we are undergoing, and its human roots, concern and affect us all” (ibid., 14).
In Laudato Si’, I call for a courageous and responsible effort to “redirect our steps” (ibid., 61), and to avert the most serious effects of the environmental deterioration caused by human activity. I am convinced that we can make a difference and I have no doubt that the United States – and this Congress – have an important role to play. Now is the time for courageous actions and strategies, aimed at implementing a “culture of care” (ibid., 231) and “an integrated approach to combating poverty, restoring dignity to the excluded, and at the same time protecting nature” (ibid., 139). “We have the freedom needed to limit and direct technology” (ibid., 112); “to devise intelligent ways of… developing and limiting our power” (ibid., 78); and to put technology “at the service of another type of progress, one which is healthier, more human, more social, more integral” (ibid., 112). In this regard, I am confident that America’s outstanding academic and research institutions can make a vital contribution in the years ahead.
A century ago, at the beginning of the Great War, which Pope Benedict XV termed a “pointless slaughter”, another notable American was born: the Cistercian monk Thomas Merton. He remains a source of spiritual inspiration and a guide for many people. In his autobiography he wrote: “I came into the world. Free by nature, in the image of God, I was nevertheless the prisoner of my own violence and my own selfishness, in the image of the world into which I was born. That world was the picture of Hell, full of men like myself, loving God, and yet hating him; born to love him, living instead in fear of hopeless self-contradictory hungers”. Merton was above all a man of prayer, a thinker who challenged the certitudes of his time and opened new horizons for souls and for the Church. He was also a man of dialogue, a promoter of peace between peoples and religions.
From this perspective of dialogue, I would like to recognize the efforts made in recent months to help overcome historic differences linked to painful episodes of the past. It is my duty to build bridges and to help all men and women, in any way possible, to do the same. When countries which have been at odds resume the path of dialogue – a dialogue which may have been interrupted for the most legitimate of reasons – new opportunities open up for all. This has required, and requires, courage and daring, which is not the same as irresponsibility. A good political leader is one who, with the interests of all in mind, seizes the moment in a spirit of openness and pragmatism. A good political leader always opts to initiate processes rather than possessing spaces (cf. Evangelii Gaudium, 222-223).
Being at the service of dialogue and peace also means being truly determined to minimize and, in the long term, to end the many armed conflicts throughout our world. Here we have to ask ourselves: Why are deadly weapons being sold to those who plan to inflict untold suffering on individuals and society? Sadly, the answer, as we all know, is simply for money: money that is drenched in blood, often innocent blood. In the face of this shameful and culpable silence, it is our duty to confront the problem and to stop the arms trade.
Three sons and a daughter of this land, four individuals and four dreams: Lincoln, liberty; Martin Luther King, liberty in plurality and non-exclusion; Dorothy Day, social justice and the rights of persons; and Thomas Merton, the capacity for dialogue and openness to God.
Four representatives of the American people.
I will end my visit to your country in Philadelphia, where I will take part in the World Meeting of Families. It is my wish that throughout my visit the family should be a recurrent theme. How essential the family has been to the building of this country! And how worthy it remains of our support and encouragement! Yet I cannot hide my concern for the family, which is threatened, perhaps as never before, from within and without. Fundamental relationships are being called into question, as is the very basis of marriage and the family. I can only reiterate the importance and, above all, the richness and the beauty of family life.
In particular, I would like to call attention to those family members who are the most vulnerable, the young. For many of them, a future filled with countless possibilities beckons, yet so many others seem disoriented and aimless, trapped in a hopeless maze of violence, abuse and despair. Their problems are our problems. We cannot avoid them. We need to face them together, to talk about them and to seek effective solutions rather than getting bogged down in discussions. At the risk of oversimplifying, we might say that we live in a culture which pressures young people not to start a family, because they lack possibilities for the future. Yet this same culture presents others with so many options that they too are dissuaded from starting a family.
A nation can be considered great when it defends liberty as Lincoln did, when it fosters a culture which enables people to “dream” of full rights for all their brothers and sisters, as Martin Luther King sought to do; when it strives for justice and the cause of the oppressed, as Dorothy Day did by her tireless work, the fruit of a faith which becomes dialogue and sows peace in the contemplative style of Thomas Merton.
In these remarks I have sought to present some of the richness of your cultural heritage, of the spirit of the American people. It is my desire that this spirit continue to develop and grow, so that as many young people as possible can inherit and dwell in a land which has inspired so many people to dream.
God bless America!
Wednesday, September 23, 2015
The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality has received applications for permits for deep well injection activity in more than a dozen counties. Is your county one of them? What does it mean for you and your family? Find out at our workshop Sep. 26! Early registration rate (before Sep. 18) is $25 ($15 for students with ID). Register today!
WHEN: Sat., Sep 26, 10am-2pm
WHERE: Alma College, 614 W. Superior St., Alma; Room L4 of the DOW/KAPP Bldg.
Permits for injection wells containing hazardous substances posing a serious threat to water quality are increasing in Michigan, yet most people including local public officials know little about them. In an effort to educate Michigan citizens and local governments, Sierra Club has paired with Grobbel Environmental & Planning Associates to present a workshop on about the history, purpose and risks of injection wells in Michigan.
Christopher P. Grobbel, PhD, is an environmental consultant based in Traverse City and MSU professor of environmental planning and management, environmental impact assessment, environmental law, and sustainability studies.
Grobbel will lay out the context for this activity in Michigan and then explore the environmental risk associated with it and how the public can get involved in the process. Grobbel’s presentation will cover the history and regulatory framework of injections wells, the technology and geology involved in Michigan, and dangers such as spills and seismic activity.
REGISTER TODAY AND SAVE!
On or before Sep. 18: $25 general public/$15 students (with ID). The cost covers lunch and all conference materials.
After Sep. 18: $35 for the general public; $20 for students. Final registration deadline is Sep. 25. No walk-ins.
Register here! Questions? Email email@example.com.